Country Profile: Madagascar
UN trade profile (link)
|Key government contacts||Madagascar Revenue Authority (website)|
|Ministry of Commerce (website)|
|Responsible to coordinate with donors:|
|Mr. Jean-Gabriel Harison
Directeur général du commerce extérieur
Ministère du commerce et de la consommation
Telephone: +261 32 11 682 04
Fax: +261 34 05 524 60
|AU REC memberships||COMESA, SADC|
|Main transport corridors||-/-|
|Key private sector organisations||N/A|
|WCO revised Kyoto ratification||Yes, 2007 (Source: WCO)|
|National TF body||N/A (Source: UNCTAD)|
|Mr. Andriatiana Rakoto
Directeur de la leggislation de la valeur
Direction générale des douanes
Telephone: +261 34 11 019 80
|Customs IT system||Electronic Single Window (ESW)|
WTO TFA notification and ratification
|WTO needs assessment||Jan. 19-23, 2009||(WTO, OECD, WCO)|
|May 19-23, 2014||(WTO (2), Swiss)|
TF indicators and resources
Logistics Performance Index – World Bank
The World Bank Logistics Performance Index (LPI) is based on a worldwide survey of operators on the ground (global freight forwarders and express carriers), providing feedback on the logistics “friendliness” of the countries in which they operate and those with which they trade, supplemented with quantitative data on the performance of key components of the logistics chain in the country of work. The LPI provides a comparative ranking and overall score based on a scale from 1 (lowest) to 5 (highest). The Efficiency of Customs and Border Clearance is one of seven areas covered by the LPI.
Source: World Bank
Doing Business Report/Trading Across Borders Ranking – World Bank
The Doing Business project provides objective measures of business regulations and their enforcement across 189 economies and selected cities at the sub-national and regional level. The Trading across Borders indicators capture the documents, time and cost required for the logistical process of exporting and importing containerized goods by seaport, but they do not measure the cost of the sea transport or of tariffs or capture any aspects relating to international trade agreements.
Source: World Bank
Enabling Trade Index – World Economic Forum
The WEF’s Global Enabling Trade Report assesses the quality of institutions, policies and services facilitating the free flow of goods over borders and to their destinations. At the core of the report, the Enabling Trade Index benchmarks the performance of 138 economies in four critical areas: market access, border administration, transport and communications infrastructure, and regulatory and business environment. The border administration component looks at the efficiency and transparency of border and customs administration based on 11 separate indicators.
Source: World Economic Forum
Customs Capability Index – Global Express Association/Frontier Economics
The Customs Capability Index (CCI) score represents those policy measures that are important for goods requiring immediate release. A country with a score of 10 therefore has implemented all of the measures that facilitate shipments of express items whereas a country with a low score has only implemented a small number of measures. (Source: Global Express Association/Frontier Economics)
Madagascar’s CCI score: 6.5
Trade Facilitation Indicators – OECD
The OECD trade facilitation indicators cover the full spectrum of border procedures, from advance rulings to transit guarantees, for 133 countries across income levels, geographical regions and development stages. Estimates based on the indicators provide a basis for governments to prioritise trade facilitation actions and mobilise technical assistance and capacity-building efforts for developing countries in a more targeted way.
See the Madagascar TF profile (2014).
Diagnostic Trade Integration Studies – EIF
The Enhanced Integrated Fund (EIF) is a multi-donor programme, which supports LDCs to be more active players in the global trading system by helping them tackle supply-side constraints to trade. The country-level Diagnostic Trade Integration Study (DTIS) provides an analysis of the economic and trade environment and aims at identifying constraints to competitiveness, supply chain weaknesses and sectors of greatest growth and/or export potential. Each DTIS contains an Action Matrix which outlines priority reforms to be conducted in a certain order to alleviate the most binding constraints to greater trade competitiveness.
See Chapter 2 of the Madagascar DTIS (2003).
Non-Tariff Measure Surveys – ITC
Non-tariff measures (NTMs) are of particular concern to exporters and importers in developing countries, as they are a major impediment to international trade and can prevent market access. Exporting companies seeking access to foreign markets and companies importing products need to comply with a wide range of requirements including technical regulations, product standards and customs procedures. The International Trade Centre (ITC) conducts large-scale company-level surveys to identify regulations that companies find burdensome.
See the Madagascar survey report (2013).